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4 Skin Types and the Products that Fit Them

Treatments for skin ranges due to the different skin types. Knowing your skin type will help determine the correct products and treatments necessary. There are only four different skin types: dry, oily, combination and normal.

Dry skin is characterized by small to no pores, superficial lines and minimal acne. Treatments for dry skin include humectant ingredients, and should include regular exfoliation. Dry skin can also be sensitive to certain products, ingredients and treatments. This means extra care needs to be taken when considering less abrasive products and treatments as to not irritate the skin.

Oily skin is characterized by larger pores, overly active sebaceous ducts, and acne prone. It is best for people with oily skin to use more soluble products such as salicylic acid, and should use gel or foam when choosing cleansers. Those with oily skin generally have lower pH levels, so it is best to find products that balance it. They should also wash regularly because of their higher predisposition to bacteria growth.

Combination skin is characterized by oily skin conditions in the forehead and nose region, and dryer condition on the cheeks and chin. It is the most common skin type, and is best to find products that balance it. Use a cream cleanser if you are going to use a salicylic acid treatment. Those with combination skin should choose between either stronger exfoliants or frequency of use.

Normal skin is neither oily nor dry. They have normal pore size and regular oil production. Product and treatments should be used to maintain the acid mantle because it is typically at ideal levels. Those with normal skin should be more concerned with maintaining, instead of trying to fix different levels through treatments and products. So one of the larger concerns for normal skin is irritating it through more harsh treatments when not needed.

Ectomorph

If your body type is primarily ectomorphic, you are most likely on the thinner side, with slim shoulders, and a fast metabolism. You find it hard to gain weight. To some this may seem ideal; however, with this body type you can still fall into the category of “skinny fat” or you can have a hard time gaining weight to get the shapely physique you desire.

In order to achieve more muscle mass and definition, it is in an ectomorph’s best interest to eat a dense calorie diet and do workouts that focus on larger muscle groups.

Some examples of food that are both high in calories and high in nutrition are: chicken, turkey, safflower oil, peanut oil, almond butter, dark chocolate, quinoa, brown rice, and tuna steak.

As for workouts, they should be less cardio; and more isometric, strength-based exercises, such as: bench presses, leg presses, calf raises, lying leg curls, and squats. For an ectomorph, it is all about building and maintaining muscle to get their ideal shape.

Although most people are a combination of two or more types, more weight training and repetitive movements with a dense caloric diet will yield you the results you desire.

The Importance of Micronutrients

When aligning their diets, many people focus on macronutrients but neglect the importance of micronutrients. While macronutrients are the building blocks for overall body composition, micronutrients are vital for your immune system, internal processes, and even make a huge difference in skin health.

One of the most common micronutrient deficiencies is iron. Iron is vital to the process of producing red blood cells, and it is the only deficiency that is prevalent in developed countries.

There are serious diseases, such as scurvy, which are directly related to vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Vitamin C deficiency can prompt gum bleeding, failure to properly heal skin damage, and irregular hair growth.

Vitamin A plays a central role in skin maintenance and health because it controls cell division, differentiation, and growth. Not only does your skin need and love it, but it also aids your sight as well. Vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of blindness in infants.

This is why you will see micronutrient heavy foods used as ingredients in many skin and healthcare products. It is also an easy way to know if a food should be consumed or not when dieting. Most foods that are heavy in micronutrients will also help align your macronutrient intake.

The only thing you need to be aware of is natural sugar intake in fruits, which is why they should be used as snacks. But don’t be afraid to load up on vegetables during meals.

The History of Yoga

Seal Mold from the Indus Valley from about 3000 BC shows a Yoga Pose.

Yoga can be dated back to around 3000 B.C. when pictures of yoga poses were carved in stone. The history of yoga can best be described by four influential periods: the Vedic period, the Pre-Classical period, the Classical period, and the Post-Classical period.

The Vedic period stems from the Vedas—the scripture of Brahmanism—and is about deep spirituality. During this time, Vedic yogis were sought to teach the Vedic people how to live in elevated spirituality. Later, the Vedas were known for the creation and understanding of the Upanishads—a collection of texts in the Vedic language. The Upanishads revolved around the relationship of the brahman and the atman, also known as the relationship between ultimate reality and the transcendental self. The 200 scriptures of the Upanishads lead to the Gita, which is known as the oldest yoga scripture, and incorporates the importance of kind actions and awareness of ourselves and our egos.

In an attempt to normalize yoga and its teachings, the Yoga Sutra was born, marking the beginning of the Classical period. Written by Patanjali, who believed that self and spirit must be separate, Yoga Sutra set forth the theories known to be the eight limbs of classical yoga:

  • Yama—ethical values,
  • Niyama—personal purity and tolerance,
  • Asanas—physical exercise,
  • Pranayama—breath control,
  • Pratyahara—meditation preparation,
  • Dharana—concentration,
  • Dhyana—meditation, and
  • Samadhi—ecstasy.

Although these were thoughtful practices, the physical aspect was often neglected. Later, the physical was found to be extremely important, which led to the Post-Classical period.

The movement, in conjunction with meditation or yoga as we know it, first surfaced for westerners in the 19th century and, with this, some of the original beliefs were altered. Instead of one using yoga to transcend themselves spiritually, we now often use it to focus on the moment—present reality—and then find our peace in that reality.

The evolution of yoga has been minor, but influential to many societies, cultures, religions, and countries, with the main concepts being self-awareness and peace with oneself.

Yoga is truly a lifestyle rather than just a physical or mental practice.

Cinta Aveda Institute and CIDESCO

I chose to go to an Aveda School for their commitment to create beautiful and healthy people as well as their commitment to the environment. I specifically chose the Cinta Aveda Institute because of their CIDESCO program and their knowledgeable and accountable staff. Completing the CIDESCO program, I feel much more prepared for the world of esthetics, and ahead of many of my counterparts. The competence, knowledge, and compassion every one of my educators embodies is remarkable. Their dedication to the school and the program is demonstrated through their well-thought-out curriculum, practical work, and their help getting us through the ten hour day with laughter and encouragement.

The CIDESCO program as a whole has been an educational adventure. It has inspired and reminded me why I chose this career. The vast amount of advanced topics covered in the program has only made me want to uncover more. Everything from skin diseases and disorders in dermatology; to anatomy and chemistry in relation to electrical machines. It is an all-encompassing course that excels in quenching the thirst for knowledge in the skincare and wellness industry.

I’m energized to begin my career as a CIDESCO Diplomat. Knowing that I have such a supportive and accredited Alma Mater behind me helps fuel my passion.